China's Machine Tool Position in the World Machine Tool Industry Has Improved Significantly

The current status of China's machine tool industry, here I would like to use a sentence to summarize, that is, "big but not strong."

1. The main sign of "big" is that the industrial scale has achieved a historic breakthrough.

1 In the vertical comparison, the major economic indicators achieved rapid growth for eight consecutive years.

Due to the market's pull, since 2002, China's machine tool industry has achieved rapid growth for eight consecutive years. Although the financial crisis has also had a certain impact on China's market demand, it has not fundamentally changed the general trend of sustained and rapid development of the entire industry.

In 2009, the industry's total industrial output value reached 401.42 billion yuan, an increase of 16.1 percent year-on-year, an increase of 6.3 times over 2001, and an average annual increase of 33.6%;

The output value of industrial products sold was 392.25 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 18.7%, a 6.1-fold increase over 2001, and an average annual increase of 34.1%.

The output of machine tools was 799,000 units, down 9% year-on-year, of which: the output of gold-cutting machine tools was 580,000 units, a year-on-year decrease of 13.6%, a two-fold increase from 2001, and an average annual increase of 14.8%. The output of CNC machine tools was 153,000 units, a year-on-year increase of 0.4%, 7.2 times more than 2001, and an average annual increase of 30.1%, of which: Jinche CNC machine tool output was 144,000 units, a year-on-year decrease of 0.5%; machine tool products were exported 4.74 billion US dollars, year-on-year This was a decrease of 33.5%, which was a 4.7-fold increase from 2001. Among them, the export of machine tools was US$1.41 billion, a year-on-year decrease of 33%, a 3.9-fold increase over 2001, and an average annual increase of 21.9%.

Since entering 2010, the entire industry has continued to maintain the momentum of prosperous production and sales. In the first half of the year, the total industrial output value was 242.42 billion yuan, up 41.4% year-on-year; the industrial product sales value was 235.87 billion yuan, up 42% year-on-year; the production and sales rate was 97.3%, up 0.4 percentage points year-on-year; the machine tool output was 470,000 units, up 27% year-on-year ( The number of CNC machine tools was 100,000, an increase of 50.1% year-on-year; machine tool products were exported at US$3.11 billion, an increase of 45.7% year-on-year, of which machine tool exports were US$8.1 billion, a year-on-year increase of 20%. The profit rate of the industry has increased significantly year-on-year, but the profit structure and profit structure should be further analyzed. The hidden problems should arouse the attention of the industry.

2 horizontal comparison, the status in the world machine tool industry has improved significantly

Since 2009, China has become the world’s largest machine tool consumer and the largest importer of machine tools for the eighth consecutive year. In 2009, under the special background of the negative growth of the global machine tool industry due to the financial crisis, the industry's total industrial output value has been ranked first in the world from the third place, thus becoming the world's largest machine tool producer.

2. "Not strong" is mainly manifested in: At present, China's machine tool industry only has relatively comparative advantage in terms of scale. Compared with machine tool manufacturing countries, there are still obvious gaps in terms of structure, level, R&D, and service capabilities.

1 Low-end products have excess capacity, price wars, and high-end products mainly rely on imports. Although the market share of domestic machine tools in 2009 has risen to 70.1%, but the import of machine tools is still up to 5.9 billion US dollars, of which 4.56 billion US dollars gold cutting machine tools, metal forming machine tools 1.34 billion US dollars. Almost all imported products are high-end CNC machine tools (including complete sets of production lines). It can be seen that for the needs of high-end products, domestic machine tools have long been subject to structural contradictions that are not required by the supply and cannot be provided. Although improvements have been made at present, they have not yet fundamentally changed.

2 The development of high-performance CNC systems and functional components has lagged behind the mainframe and has become a bottleneck restricting the development of the CNC machine tool industry.

3 The ability of independent innovation is not strong. The basic, key, and common technologies have not yet been fully mastered. With enterprises as the mainstay and the combination of production, study, and research, the open, socialized R&D system is still at an exploratory stage.

4 The Chinese machine tool industry has not yet achieved a transformation from manufacturing to service manufacturing. In particular, weak engineering integration capabilities, and the provision of complete production lines for key manufacturing industries such as automobiles are still in their infancy.

5 Industry concentration is not high. There are as many as 5,944 enterprises in the whole industry; the host companies are large but not strong, small but not sophisticated; the supporting capabilities are weak, and the industrial division of labor is not clear; the industrial chain system adapted to the rapid development of the CNC machine tool industry is still not perfect.

6 The scarcity of high-end talent, especially the lack of advanced talents in the research and development of high-end numerical control machine tools, numerical control systems and functional components; the lack of senior technicians; and the lack of an integrated management talent with an international perspective. At present, the shortage of high-end talent has become a deep-rooted reason that restricts the rapid and sustainable development of the CNC machine tool industry.

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