Gear Industry Development Opportunities

With the perfect closing of the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan", the country's huge investment in infrastructure and high-speed economic growth have made China's equipment manufacturing industry achieve brilliant achievements. From the point of view of exports alone, in 2010, the total value of China's equipment manufacturing industry reached a new high of RMB15 trillion, which was 34% higher than the total export value of the same period in 2009.

Among them, the mechanical parts and components industry played an important role. In 2010, the sales of China's general machinery parts and components totaled RMB 250 billion. Gears are the most important part of the universal parts family. In 2010, the sales of gear products reached 146 billion yuan, accounting for nearly 60% of the total sales of the general parts and components industry.

During the “11th Five-Year Plan” period, the gear industry made great contributions to the tremendous achievements of the entire general parts and components industry. In the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan”, the gear industry will continue to strive to maintain high-speed growth and make developments for the Chinese equipment manufacturing industry. Make more contributions.

The "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" of the gear industry has achieved a remarkable success. China's gear transmission industry has experienced rapid development during the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan" period. According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics, China's industrial output value of the gear industry increased year by year from 2005 to 2010, and year-on-year growth Both are above 20%. Due to the impact of objective factors such as the economic crisis, the growth rate of the gear industry has been relatively slow, but the total output value has still maintained a substantial increase.

In 2010, the entire gear industry achieved a total industrial output value of 94.635 billion yuan, and the market demand for gears exceeded 140 billion yuan, ranking second in the world. Judging from various factors such as scale and sales, the gear industry has become the “leading” industry in the field of basic components for China's general machinery parts. China has become a veritable world leader in gear manufacturing.

In the past decade, automotive and industrial gears have continued to grow steadily. Among them, automotive gear occupies a very large proportion in sales, reaching 62%, while industrial gears also reach 16%, and the share of two types of products exceeds two-thirds.

From the perspective of imports and exports, the overall situation of China's gear industry is in and out, but it is not optimistic that imports are much more than exports. In 2009, China imported a total of 7.26 billion U.S. dollars worth of gear products, and exported 1.715 billion U.S. dollars, with a deficit of 5.545 billion U.S. dollars. In 2010, China imported a total of 10.61 billion U.S. dollars worth of gear products, an increase of 46%, and exports of 2.72 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 58%. Although the growth of exports is slightly greater than the increase in imports, the deficit is still as high as nearly US$8 billion due to the large number of import bases. It can be judged that there is a serious deficit in the gear industry in China, and there is still much room for improvement in export capacity. According to the latest news from the Gear Association, from January to June 2011, the export of gear products reached US$1.7 billion, an increase of 40.9%.

For the entire gear industry, three major adjustments have been realized: namely, adjustment of the layout, that is, from low-end to high-end development, rational allocation of low-end and high-end, and rational distribution; and structural adjustment, that is, establishment of a rational and modern industrial structure. The development adjustment, that is to begin to abandon the extensive development methods that used to be large in quantity and low in price to gradually increase the quality, life, and appearance of the product, increase its technical content, increase product added value, and achieve high-efficiency intensive development.

Policy support gear sales plan to double during the "Eleventh Five-Year" period, the performance of the gear industry can not be underestimated, but under the support of government policies and the development of the entire equipment manufacturing industry, the next five years, the development of the gear industry will be more striking.

In July 2011, the Department of Equipment Industry of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology announced the "12th Five-Year Plan for Development of the General Parts Industry", which made a clear plan for the gear industry: In the next five years, the distribution of the gear market will be: Gears account for about 40%, other vehicle gears account for about 25%, and industrial gears account for 35%; among them, exports account for about 15%. Planning and forecasting, in 2010, sales of gear products were 146 billion yuan, and by 2015, this figure will reach 294 billion yuan, more than doubled. The export potential of gear products continues to increase. It is expected that during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, the growth rate of the export of gear products will be approximately 10%. It is expected that in 2015, exports will reach approximately US$5 billion.

At the same time, the plan further emphasizes. The "12th Five-Year Plan" is a crucial period for the development of high-end parts and components. It requires the industry to target the world's advanced level and strive to achieve high-end development. Specifically, the development of "ultra-large, long-life gears and transmissions" includes three aspects:

The first is focused research and development of products and technologies, mainly in wind power, nuclear power, coal mining and other fields, characterized by high power, long life, anti-fatigue, systemic;

The second is the material of key demand, aiming to improve the internal oxidation resistance of gear steel and greatly increase the life of gears, forming a series of steel products with Chinese gear material characteristics;

The third is the key breakthroughs in manufacturing equipment and processes, including the latest technologies and equipment for energy-saving and environmentally friendly dry cutting technologies and equipment, new product development testing technologies and equipment.

For the regional development of the gear industry, the plan has also made a detailed description. During the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, it supported the gears of Jiangsu automobile, agricultural machinery, and construction machinery. Chongqing Automobile and Motorcycle, wind power, ships, and rail transit gears developed into 200 One hundred million yuan extra large gear manufacturing base; advance Liaoning Dalian, Zhejiang, Tianjin and other large-scale gear transmission device manufacturing base.

The ten major industries help support the rise of the gear industry, and government planning is more of a relatively macro guide and assistance, while the development of other industries can be seen as more direct to the entire gear industry. Boosting agent."

In the next five years, 10 rapidly developing industries will be the major markets for the Chinese gear industry: automotive industry, wind energy industry, nuclear energy industry, high-power agricultural equipment industry, construction machinery industry, rail transit industry, coal mining machinery industry, Large-scale metallurgical equipment, high-end numerical control equipment, large petrochemical equipment, including:

The automotive industry - the biggest growth point in the gear industry. In the next five years, China's automobile industry will grow at a rate of 10% to 15% per year. The average annual growth rate of automobile brake transmissions will remain at 25%, and the annual demand at the end of 2015 will exceed 10 billion yuan.

During the "12th Five-Year Plan" period, the average growth rate of China's auto transmission will be significantly faster than the average growth rate of the entire vehicle, with an average annual growth rate of approximately 20%. By the end of 2015, the market share of China's auto transmission will rise to around 50%.

In addition, high-precision, low-noise, long-life, large and medium-sized spiral bevel gears have broad market prospects in the area of ​​large-to-medium-sized luxury passenger cars and urban rail transit. The market demand during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period is approximately 1.5 billion yuan.

The wind energy industry - "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" pointed out that the domestic market demand for megawatt wind turbines is very urgent. According to the national regulations, by 2020, China's wind power installed capacity will reach 30 million kilowatts. It is estimated that by 2020, China will have installed at least 1.9 million kilowatts per year, resulting in wind turbine gearbox output value of about 12 billion yuan.

Nuclear Energy Industry - According to the national nuclear power medium- and long-term development plan, by 2020, China will start construction of more than 40 million kilowatts, a total of more than 4000kW nuclear power units.

Rail Transit - By 2012, China will need to produce 300 high-speed EMUs each year, totaling 4,800 sets of gearboxes, with an output value of RMB 720 million per set.

Coal Mining Machinery - By 2020, China's coal demand will reach about 3.8 billion tons. During the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan" period, its own brands of high-power, high-reliability shearer gear boxes for mine shearers and boring machine gear transmissions have Broad market prospects.

In addition to relying on the vigorous development of other industries, China's gear industry will focus on technological innovation and actively carry out international cooperation. High-precision, high-speed, high torque, small size, low noise, high performance, high reliability, and long life will become important research topics in the next few years. At present, it is planned to set up an industry force to establish a technology research and development center and a key technology innovation experiment. Room, accumulate strength for future technological innovation.

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